What are the Medical Requirements for Boxing?

Everything you Need to Know About Boxer Medical

Boxing is a great sport for those who enjoy the thrill of an extreme sport. However, it does carry its risks. The medical requirements for boxers in the UK are regulated by the British Boxing Board of Control.

Getting a boxer medical helps prevent health hazards and foresee any medical condition which can elevate due to boxing. 

Boxing Medical
Professional Boxing Medical

What is a Boxer Medical?

Boxer medical is a medical assessment performed to determine the medical health and fitness of the boxer.

Every boxer is required to undergo a thorough medical assessment to ensure the safety and health of the boxer to avoid risks of getting injuries during boxing as per the International Boxing Association (AIBA).

Who Needs a Boxer Medical Certificate?

Anyone who is applying for a boxer’s licence or competing in a boxing competition needs to under a medical assessment and provide a medical certificate for the same. The boxer medical certificate is valid for one full year from the date of issue.

  • Aspirant boxers – who are new to the boxing service or have had no previous boxing experience must undergo a medical assessment at least 10 days prior to their first bout as it will be the statutory minimum spar training period.
  • Boxer medical renewal – whose medical is about to lapse need to renew their annual boxing medical examination.
  • Suspended boxers – who were on suspension due to injury must undergo a medical to re-qualify their medical condition and prove they are medically fit to bout.  


If you are someone who is set on becoming an accomplished boxer, you should be aware of the effects of the sport on your body and the risks associated with boxing. Every boxer undergoes several medical tests before they are allowed to compete or granted the boxer’s licence. 

Medical concept with heart and electrocardiogram results, close up

What are the Health Issues Faced by a Boxer?

More often than not, medical tests can evaluate a boxer’s general health, muscle tone, heart health, and kidney functioning. Boxing has mental as well as physical demands. An intense workout for several hours every day can lead to stress, mood swings, anxiety, and even depression. Most injuries could be internal and proper medical screening can help overcome any adverse effects.


 Some of the medical conditions (but not limited to) faced by a boxer are:

  • Hair loss
  • Severe headaches
  • Bruised or broken nose
  • Pain in the shoulder, arm, wrist, and joints
  • Spongy and swollen hands 
  • Liver problems 
  • Blood in urine 


What is Included in a Boxer Medical?

A boxer’s health is of paramount importance. If any of these tests indicate he or she has a health problem, the GP might advise the boxer against boxing until they overcome the condition. 

  • Basic questionnaire about medical history 
  • Physical examination including height, weight, and BMI
  • Urine analysis to analyse blood sugar and protein 
  • Cardiac test by HGV
  • Liver functioning test 
  • MRI/MRA scan
  • Mental health and psychological examination 
  • Kidney functioning test 
What are the medical requirements for boxing?

Some of the additional tests may be required based on the requirement of the boxer or the association, including: 

Blood test – all contestants in all bouts are required to get a blood test for any transmitted disease like Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and HIV by a laboratory approved by the Commission. This test will be conducted within 180 days before the competition.

Blood pressure (BP) check – to determine the pressure of the blood in the circulatory system of the boxer using a BP machine to evaluate any risk of heart disease.

Eye test – all contestants who are over the age of 37 or have competed in more than 200 professional boxing rounds must submit a thorough dilated ophthalmological examination performed by a licensed ophthalmologist.

Female boxers – are required to pass a pregnancy test performed by the physician, and provide a copy of the lab report dated within 10 days of the fight or a statement from a licensed doctor which states that the contestant has undergone the medical procedures and is not pregnant. 

Cardiovascular examination – contestants above the age of 37 or if he or she has completed more than 200 professional boxing rounds, is expected to undergo a cardiac health assessment to ensure they are not under the risk of heart issues. 

Electrocardiogram (HGV) – is a non-invasive and painless procedure performed to determine the rhythm of the heart to monitor electrical activity and detect any irregularities or signs of cardiovascular disease. 

Musculoskeletal examination – to inspect any palpation of soft tissues surrounding the joints to assess muscle strength and flexibility.

Pre-bout medical test – is performed on every boxer on the day of the fight or at a time interval between the weigh-in and before the bout starts. This is ideally performed by the same doctor who is also the boxer’s ringside physician.

Post-bout medical test – is a medical assessment performed on all boxers after every bout to assess their medical health and determine any injury.

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Do I Have to Carry any Documents for my Medical?

Every boxer has to carry relevant documents for their medical.

  • Photo ID
  • Glasses and the current prescription
  • Medical records of any pre-existing medical conditions
  • Medical prescription (if any)
  • AIBA medical form
  • England boxing medical card


What are the Other Things to Remember for my Boxer Medical?

  • The time required for a medical assessment may vary from person to person and the requirement. 
  • Avoid wearing contact lenses at least 24 hours prior to your medical to avoid refractory error during a dilated ophthalmological examination. 
  • Consider wearing comfortable clothing for your medical. If you need to undergo an HGV, you might have to change into a hospital gown. 
  • Avoid smoking a few hours before the test.
  • Avoid alcohol consumption before your test as it could hugely interfere with your test results.

Doctors at Barnetby Private Medicals are licenced and authorised by the AIBA who can perform all the boxer’s medical and provide a medical certificate for boxers in the UK. 

We perform medical at times that are convenient to you! Schedule your appointment today